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Great Wall of Gorgan

Great Wall of Gorgan

September 6, 2013 , IRAN , GOLESTAN

The Great Wall of Gorgan was a Sasanian-era defense system located near modern Gorgan in the Golestan Province of northeastern Iran, at the southeastern corner of the Caspian Sea. The wall is located at a geographic narrowing between the Caspian Sea and the mountains of northeastern Iran. It is one of several Caspian Gates at the eastern part of a region known in antiquity as Hyrcania, on the nomadic route from the northern steppes to the Iranian heartland. The wall is believed to have protected the Sassanian Empire to the south from the peoples to the north, probably the White Huns. However, in his book Empires and Walls, Chaichian (2014) questions the validity of this interpretation using historical evidence of potential political-military threats in the region as well as the economic geography of Gorgan Wall's environs. It is described as "amongst the most ambitious and sophisticated frontier walls" ever built in the world, and the most important of the Sassanian defense fotifications. It is 195 km (121 mi) long and 6–10 m (20–33 ft) wide, and features over 30 fortresses spaced at intervals of between 10 and 50 km (6.2 and 31.1 mi). It is surpassed only by the Great Wall of China as the longest defensive wall in existence.

Photo: Bahar Shaghayegh / IRAN IMAGES

Iran | Golestan
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